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Albert Einstein Biography in English


Albert Einstein Biography





who was Albert Einstein was

Albert Einstein Biography in English

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A German mathematician and physicist who developed the special in general theories of relativity in 1921 he won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect in the following decade he emigrated to the US after being targeted by theGerman Nazi Party his work also had a major impact on the development of atomic energy in his later years




Einstein focused on unified field theory with his passion for inquiryEinstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century




Early life and family iron Steinwas born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm BurtonBerg Germany Einstein grew up in a secular Jewish family his father her man einstein was a salesman and engineer who with his brother founded electro-techno chef a brick jay einstein and see a Munich based company that mass-produced electrical equipment einstein's mother




the former Pauline ran the family household Einstein had one sister major born two years after him young AlbertEinstein Einstein attended elementary school at the Lai pole gymnasium in Munich however he felt alienated there and struggled with the institution' rigid pedagogical style




he also had what were considered speech challenges though he developed a passion for classical music and playing the violin which would stay with him into his later years most significantly Einsteins youth was marked by deep inquisitiveness and inquiring towards the end of the 1880s max Talmuda Polish medical student who sometimes dined with the Einstein family became an informal tutor to young Einstein




Talmud had introduced his pupil to a children science text that inspired Einstein to dream about the nature of light thus during his teensEinstein penned what would be seen as his first major paper the investigation of the state of ether in magnetic fieldsHermann




Einstein relocated the family to Milan Italy in the mid-1890s after his business lost out on a major contact einstein was left at a relative' boardinghouse in Munich to complete his schooling at the light pole gym nasiumfaced with military duty when he turned age




Einstein allegedly withdrew from classes using a doctor's note to excuse himself and claim nervous exhaustion with the Sun rejoining him in Italy his parents understood Einstein'sperspective but were concerned about his future prospects as a school dropout indraft-dod graduation




Einstein was eventually able to gain admission into the Swiss FederalInstitute of Technology in Zurichspecifically due to his superb mathematics and physics scores on the entrance exam he was still required to complete his pre-university education first and thus attended a high school in our out Switzerland helmed by Jose Quintela




einstein lived with the schoolmasters family and fell in love with winter his daughter Marie einstein later announced his German citizenship and became a Swiss citizen at the dawn of the new century PatonClark after graduating in stein faced major challenges in terms of finding academic positions having alienated some professors over not attending class more regularly in lieu of studying independently




Einstein eventually found steady work in 1902 after receiving a referral for a Clark position in a SwissPatent Office while working at the patent Office




Einstein had the time to further explore ideas that had taken hold during his studies at the SwissFederal Institute of Technology and thus cemented his theorems on what would be known as the principle of relativity in1905 seen by many as of miracle year for the theorist




Einstein had four papers published in the Annalen der Physik one of the best-known physics journals of the era too focused on the photoelectric effect and Brownian motion the two others which outlined the equals mc2 and the special theory of relativity were defining Feinstein's career in the course of the study of physics AlbertEinstein's wife and children Einstein married male marriage on January 6th1903 while attending school in ZurichEinstein met marriage a Serbian physics student




Einstein continued to grow closer to marriage but his parents were strongly against the relationship due to her ethnic background nonetheless




Einstein continued to see her with the two developing a correspondence via letters in which he expressed many of his scientific ideas Einstein's father passed away in 1902 and the couple married shortly thereafter that same year the couple had a daughter Lisa who might have been later raised by marriages relatives or given up for adoption her ultimate fate and whereabouts remain a mystery the couple had two sons Hans Albert




Einstein who became a well known hydraulic engineer and Edouard ket a nStein who was diagnosed with schizophrenia as a young man the Einstein's marriage would not be a happy one with the two divorcing in 1919and marriage having an emotional breakdown in connection to the splitEinstein as part of a settlement agreed to give marriage any funds he might receive from possibly winning the NobelPrize in the future during his marriage to marriage




Einstein had also begun in affair sometime earlier with a cousin ElsaLowenthalthe couple Wed in 1919 the same year Feinstein's divorce he would continue to see other women throughout his second marriage which ended with Lowenthal'sdeath in 1936 Nobel Prize for Physics in1921




Einstein won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect since his ideas on relativity was still considered questionable he wasn't actually given the award until the following year due to a bureaucratic ruling and during his acceptance speech he still opted to speak about relativity in the development of his general theoryI'm Stein had held on to the belief that the universe was a fixed static entity aka a cosmological constant though his later theories directly contradicted this idea and asserted that the universe could be in a state of flux astronomer Edwin Hubble deduced that we indeed inhabit an expanding universe with the two scientists meeting at the MountWilson Observatory near Los Angeles in1931 Albert




Einstein's inventions and discoveries as a physicist Einstein had many discoveries but he is perhaps best known for his theory of relativity in the equation e equals mc2 which foreshadowed the development of atomic power in the atomic bomb theory of relativity




Einstein first proposed a special theory of relativity in 1905 in his paper on the electrodynamics of moving bodies taking physics in an electrifying new direction by November 1915




Einstein completed the general theory of relativity Einstein considered this theory the culmination of his life research he was convinced of the merits of general relativity because it allowed for a more accurate prediction of planetary orbits around the Sun which fell short in Isaac Newton's theory and from the expansive nuanced explanation of how gravitational forces worked




einstein' assertions were affirmed via observations and measurements by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and SirArthur Eddington during the 1919 solar eclipse and thus a global science icon was born




Einsteins e equals mc2Einstein's 1905 paper on the matter-energy relationship proposed the equation e equals mc2 the energy of a body e is equal to the mass M of that body times the speed of light squared Cto this equation suggested that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy a discovery that heralded atomic power famed quantum theorists Max Planckbacked up the assertions of




Einstein who thus became a star of the lecture circuit in academia taking on various positions before becoming director of the Kaiser WilhelmInstitute for physics today is known as the Max Planck Institute for physics from 1917 to 1933 travel Diaries in 2018breeders were allowed a glimpse into some of the unfiltered private thoughts of




Einstein as a young man with the publication of the travel diaries of Albert Einstein Far East Palestine and Spain 1920 to 1923 the young scientist started a sea journey to Japanin Marseilles France in autumn of 1922accompanied by his second wife Elsa they journeyed through the Suez Canal then to salon Singapore Hong Kong Shanghai and japan the couple returned to Germany via Palestine in Spain in March 1923 the travel diaries contained unflattering analyses of the people he came across including the Chinese in Sri Lankans a surprise coming from a man known for vehemently denouncing racism in his later years in an entry for November 1922




Einstein refers to residents of Hong Kong as industrious fil the lethargic people even the children as spiritless and looked lethargic it would be a pity if these Chinese supplant all other races becoming a US citizen in1933




Einstein took on a position at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton New Jersey at the time the nazis led by Adolf Hitler were gaining prominence with violent propaganda and vitriol in an impoverished post-world war one Germany the Nazi Partyinfluenced other scientists to label




Einstein's work JewishJewish citizens were barred from university work and other official jobs and Einstein himself was targeted to be killed meanwhile other European scientists also left regions threatened by Germany and emigrated to the US with concern over Nazi strategies to create an atomic weapon after moving on Stein never went back to his native land it was at Princeton that




Einstein would spend the rest of his life working on a unified field theory an all-embracing paradigm meant to unify the varied laws of physics not long after he began his career at Princeton Einstein expressed an appreciation for American meritocracy and the opportunities people had for free thought a stark contrast to his own experiences coming of age in 1935




Einstein was granted permanent residency in his adopted country and became an American citizen five years later during World War two he worked on navy based weapons systems and made big money donations to the military by auctioning off manuscripts worth millions




Einstein in the atomic bomb in 1939Einstein and fellow physicist Leo Szilard wrote to President Franklin Roosevelt to alert him of the possibility of a Nazi bomb and to galvanize the united states to create its own nuclear weapons the US would eventually initiate the ManhattanProject though




Einstein would not take a direct part in its implementation due to this pacifist and socialist affiliationsEinstein was also the recipient of much scrutiny and major distrust from FBI director J Edgar Hoover after learning of the 1945 bombing of Hiroshima Japan




Einstein became a major player in efforts to curtail usage of the a-bomb the following year he and salade founded the Emergency Committee of AtomicScientists and in 1947 via an essay for the Atlantic Monthly




Einstein espoused working with the United Nations to maintain nuclear weapons as a deterrent to conflict member of the NAACP in the late 1940s




Einstein became a member of the National Association for the advancement of Colored People NAACPseeing the parallels between the treatment of Jews in Germany and African-Americans in the United States corresponded with scholar activistWEP Dubois as well as performing artists paul Robeson and campaigned for civil rights calling racism of disease in a 1946Lincoln UnivCity speech time travel and quantum theory after World War 2




Einstein continued to work on his unified field theory and key aspects of his general theory of relativity including time travel wormholes black holes and the origins of the universe however he felt isolated in his endeavors since the majority of his colleagues had begun focusing their attention on quantum theory in the last decade of his life




Einstein who had always seen himself as a loner withdrew even further from any sort of spotlight preferring to stay close to Princeton and immerse himself in processing ideas with colleagues death Einstein died on April 18th 1955at age 76 at the University MedicalCenter at Princeton the previous day while working on a speech to honor Israel's seventh anniversary




Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm he was taken to the hospital for treatment that refused surgery believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate want to go when I want he stated at the time it is tasteless to prolong life artificially I have done my share it is time to go I will do it elegantly




Einstein's brain during Einsteinsautopsy pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed his brain reportedly without his family's consent for preservation and future study by doctors of neuroscience however during his life Einsteinparticipated in brain studies and at least one biography claimed he hoped researchers would study his brain after he died




Einstein's brain is now located at the Princeton University MedicalCenter in keeping with his wishes the rest of his body was cremated and the ashes scattered in a secret location in1999 Canadian scientists who were studying




Einstein's brain found that his inferior parietal lobe the area that processes spatial relationships 3dvisualisation and mathematical thought was 15% wider than in people who possess normal intelligence according to the NewYork Times the researchers believe it may help explain why




Einstein was so intelligent legacy since




Einstein'sdeath a veritable mountain of books have been written on the iconic thinker's life including Einstein his life and universe by Walter Isaacson and Einstein our biography by Jurgen Neff both from 2007




Einstein's own words are presented in the collection world as I see it in 2018 a team of scientists confirmed one aspect of




Einstein's general theory of relativity that the light from a star passing close to a black hole would be stretched to longer wavelengths by the overwhelming gravitational field tracking star s2their measurements indicated that the stars orbital velocity increased to over25 million kilometers per hour as it neared the supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy its appearance shifting from blue to red as its wavelength stretched to escape the pull of gravity





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